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Castração pode causar obesidade em animais de companhia?

A cirurgia aumenta o sedentarismo e, assim, pode colaborar com o surgimento da doença

A obesidade é uma doença endócrino-metabólica de incidência e de prevalência crescentes entre humanos e animais de companhia. Os gastos em saúde pública ocasionados pelas consequências da epidemia de obesidade em seres humanos, anualmente, têm acompanhado essa tendência de crescimento. Contudo, nem todos os aumentos que temos visto se tratando de obesidade são negativos.

Em Medicina Veterinária, por exemplos, houve um aumento exponencial do conhecimento sobre consequências do sobrepeso na saúde de cães e gatos, permitindo que o conceito de obesidade como uma doença venha tendo uma aplicação crescente em nossa profissão. Sendo os médicos-veterinários profissionais de saúde preocupados com a saúde de cães e gatos, é dever da classe compreender a obesidade como um problema de saúde e tomar ações para sua prevenção e controle. Para isso, é fundamental a compreensão do papel do tecido adiposo como uma glândula endócrina.

A castração é uma antiga vilã que costuma ser apontada na patogenia da obesidade, contudo apesar de ausência de consenso na literatura sobre a gonadectomia promover redução da taxa metabólica, sabemos que a castração pode induzir um aumento no apetite, bem como um maior sedentarismo e, com isso, criar-se um cenário favorável ao balanço energético positivo.

O Artigo completo foi dividido em três partes: “Como surge a obesidade?” (edição 253 – Setembro), “Doenças endócrinas e obesidade” (edição 254 – Outubro) e “Síndrome metabólica” (edição 255 – Novembro), para lê-lo basta acessar revistacaesegatos.com.br

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